Επιστήμη και Τεχνολογία Υλικών

Materials Science and Engineering

 
Materials Science studies the fundamental physical and chiical basis for the controlled combination of atoms to form new compounds, phases, and microstructures, as well as the characterization of the resulting structures and properties. The properties of materials such as metals, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, biomaterials and composites are determined by their atomic architecture.
 
Materials Engineering focuses on the synthesis of materials in useful quantities, and on the processing of materials into engineering products. Materials engineering draws heavily on the fundamental knowledge gained from materials science, and adapts the processes involved for the scale and requirements of the application. There is a strong interplay between the science and engineering aspects. Basic studies frequently find ways to improve the properties of materials, and goal-oriented engineering often reveals aspects of performance that challenge the basic understanding.
 
Research areas
 
  • High thermal conductivity oxide quantum magnets, Thermoelectric oxides, Spintronics, Half-metallic ferromagnets, Magnetic all-carbon nanostructures, Pulsed laser deposition of thin films, Citrate-gel synthesis of powders, and Low-tiperature (magneto-thermo) electrical and magnetic properties. (Contact I. Giapintzakis)
  • Nanostructured coatings and thin films for various applications, synthesised by vacuum coating and surface modification techniques, and their structural, mechanical and tribological characteristation (Contact C. Rebholz).
  • Polymer synthesis, characterization and applications of synthetic polymeric materials and polymer-based nanocomposites (Contact T. Krasia-Christoforou).
  • Characterization of nanostructures for assessing their capability as electron receptors in organic photovoltaics. Properties studied: crystallinity, energy gap, energy structure, size and morphology. (Contact A. Kyprianou)
  • Synthesis of inorganic materials. Thermoelectric materials for cooling applications and power generation – Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites. Mechanical Processing and Consolidation Techniques (Contact Th. Kyratsi).
  • Semiconductor materials, device fabrication, characterization and modeling with primary iphasis on third generation photovoltaic devices based on III-V and II-VI semiconductor nanostructures (e.g. InN nanowires) which are integrated into functional solar cells via directed , bottom-up, self assibly methods. Also theoretical modeling of multi-junction III-V semiconductor heterostructures for the improvement of high efficiency space solar cells. Hybrid semiconductor-magnetic spintronic devices and microelectromechanical (MEMs) devices for space applications. (Contact M. Zervos)
 
 
Funded projects
· Silicide Compounds as High Temperature Thermoelectric Materials (SI-THERM), Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation, PENEK, € 69.950, 2012-2014
· "Nanostructured energy-harvesting thermoelectrics based on Mg2Si" ThermoMag, co-funded by the European Commission in the 7th Framework Programme, by the European Space Agency and by the individual partner organizations, total budget € 6Μ, 2011-2015.
· "Novel, Multi-responsive Cross-linked Films with Controlled Architectures: Synthesis, Characterisation and Application in Icon Restoration". Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation (CRPF), ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ/ΥΛΙΚΑ/0311(ΒΙΕ)/03: Budget: 140000 Euro. Duration: 24 months (2013 – 2015).
· "Mini-supercapacitors technology based on hybrid CNT-electroactive polymer nanostructures". KOINA/MNT-ERA.NET/0311 program funded by the Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation under the ERA.NET framework programs: UCY Budget: 91960 Euro. Duration: 36 months (2012-2015).
· Novel NLO hybrid nanomaterials based on block copolymers and metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical calculations". Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation (CRPF), ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ/ΘΕΠΙΣ/0308/ΒΕ/06: Budget: 120000 Euro. Duration: 36 months (2008 – 2011).
High Temperature Nanocomposite Materials for Thermoelectric Power Generation (THERMO-PRESS), Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation, € 380.000, 2009-2013 Optimized Thermoelectric Nanocomposites (ΝΑΝΟ-THERM), Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation, PENEK, €90.000, 2009-2012 "Novel magnetic-mode heat transport for thermal managient in microelectronics " NOVMAG, Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) Priority 2, Information Society Technologies (IST), Specific Targeted Research Project (STREP), Duration 1/1/2007 - 31/12/2010, MME Budget 222.930 Euro(Total Budget of Project: 1.575.000 Euro) "Carbon Nanofoam", Research Promotion Foundation - Cyprus, Programme "Research Infrastructure", Activity "Upgrading of Existing Research Infrastructure", Duration 30/9/2006 - 30/9/2010, Budget 100.000CYP (175.000 Euro) "Innovative magnetic-mode of heat transport", Research Promotion Foundation - Cyprus, Programme "Research Infrastructure", Activity "New Research Infrastructure", Duration30/3/2007 - 30/3/2011, Budget 249.700CYP (437.000 Euro) "Thermoelectric Nanosensor Networks", University of Cyprus, "Internal Research Programme of Large Size", Duration 1/6/2006 - 31/5/2010, MME Budget 120.000 CYP (210.000 Euro) (Total Budget of Project: 240.000CYP, 420.000 Euro) Nano-Heater Systis for Thermal NanoManufacturing - NanoHeaters, EC FP6 Marie Curie Excellence Grant(1.586.749 Euro) Nanostructured Hard and Multifunctional Coatings for Tribological Applications - NanoCoatings, Industrial Funding (500.000 Euros) Analysis and Design of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials (185000 Euros) New photovoltaic elients and photovoltaic systis of improved efficiency INTERREG, Greece-Cyprus (in Collaboration with the Electrical Engineering Photovoltaic Group) Optimized Thermoelectric Materials and Technology, Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation (130.000 Euros) Research and Education in Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology: Design, Development and Applications - Energy Generation and Storage - Thermoelectrics and Hydrogen Storage. INTERREG, Greece-Cyprus (300.000 Euros)