Structure of the Programme

The Department of Business and Public Administration (BPA) offers a Ph.D. programme in Business Administration. The Ph.D. programme is intended for students (Cypriots and non-Cypriots) from accredited universities with postgraduate qualifications at the Master level.
The programme is offered in Greek and English.
Graduates of the programme will be qualified to: pursue an academic career in government and/or private universities in Cyprus or abroad; be employed in public or private organizations; engage in activities of an advisory/consultant nature.
Financial support for doctoral students in the Department is the same as that for all doctoral programmes at the University. Scholarships (i.e, reduction of / exemption from tuition fees and / or financial support towards research / teaching project) are granted based on available resources (e.g., funded research programes, donations from other sources, etc.), always in accordance with applicable regulations of the University.

Admission Criteria
The basic criterion for admission is academic performance. Specific admission criteria are defined in the relevant rules of the University of Cyprus. In addition, candidates must:
• Hold a postgraduate, Master-level qualification in a relevant subject from a recognized university (or submit a certificate confirming that the Master level     qualification will be obtained before the beginning of the doctoral program).
• Prepare and submit a preliminary research proposal that outlines the proposed research topic. Specifically, the proposal must include:
• The research question (s) and its significance
• The research method (s) - how the question (s) will be approached
• The essential literature on the specific question (s)
• Schedule for completion of the Ph.D.
• Students must also provide complete degree transcripts for their Master level and undergraduate study
• Request that at least two academic references in support of their application are sent to University of Cyprus (applicants should note the names and contact    details of their academic references on their application).
• Submit certificates and other relevant documents, e.g., samples of prior academic and / or professional experience (publications, surveys, digital work, etc.).
• Submit evidence of very good knowledge of the English language.

Note: The preliminary research proposal is requested for purpose of evaluating the candidates and the direction they wish to follow. A student's proposed subject of research will not necessarily be the subject of his /her doctoral thesis. The thesis topic for students admitted to the program will be decided jointly by the student, his/her supervisor/s and teacher/s in accordance with the provisions of the Rules of Postgraduate Studies of the University, taking into account both the interests of the student and the research fields of the supervisor/s and teacher/s.

Programme Structure
The programme´s requirements correspond to the Doctoral Programme requirements as defined by the Rules of Study at the University of Cyprus, and are divided into three parts (total 240 ECTS).
The subjects required for the first part of the programme represent 60 ECTS (i.e., 6-10 courses). Three of these courses are foundation courses in the specific field the student has decided to focus on. Depending on previous academic preparation (e.g., successful completion of relevant postgraduate courses in another academic institution), the student may be partially or fully exempted from the above courses. Upon completion of this first part of the programme, the student must successfully sit a comprehensive exam.
The second part of the programme relates to the manner of conducting the research, focusing on issues related to Management (this part represents 120 ECTS).
The third part, the writing stage of the dissertation, is credited with 60 ECTS. This could take the form of a comprehensive study (thesis) or a series of essays on a specific research area. The thesis must be an original work that makes a significant contribution to the field. The aim is to produce research results that are publishable in refereed international journals.
Νote: The specific procedures and criteria required by/for the programme (e.g., exemption from courses, assignment of supervisor, comprehensive exams, submission / evaluation of research proposal, evaluation of the thesis) will comply in full with the applicable Rules of Graduate Studies of the University of Cyprus. For this reason they are not repeated here, except where stipulated by the University.

Type and Description of Courses
The programme includes courses of quantitative and qualitative content, which touch on matters of epistemology, methodology, methods of quantitative analysis and qualitative research, finance, management, management science, operations management and marketing. The curriculum for each student is adjusted according to his/her chosen field of concentration. The courses offered are the following:

(a) Common Core Courses

EDU 683: Educational Statistics with Applications of Statistical Package (currently replacement of the above core courses)
EDU 682: Qualitative Research in Education (currently replacement of the above core courses)

(b) Advanced Courses

Instruction will be in the two languages, Greek and English. The courses will be taught provided a sufficient number of students register for them. In the cases where the number of students registered for a course is small, this course will follow the structure of a seminar or independent study under the supervision of departmental faculty. The majority of courses will be offered by the department, while useful and relevant courses from other departments of the University of Cyprus will also be utilized (i.e. Psychology, Finance/Accounting, Education, Economics, etc.) on the basis of university or departmental regulations.

Project Management
The project management is entrusted to a three-member Steering Committee of Postgraduate Studies (comprised of academic faculty), which is appointed by the Departmental Board. The term of the Steering Committee is three years. The tasks of the Committee include:
a) Notice of job applications and assessment (including the assessment of preliminary research proposals of candidates)
b) Coordination of comprehensive examinations and supervision of doctoral theses in accordance with the Rules of the University
c) General Management of Programme
d) Submission of an annual activity report to the Department Council


Common Core Courses

BPA 630 Epistemology in Business Administration (10 ECTS)
The course provides tools for generating ideas and translating them into formal theories in the various fields of business administration. The aim is to offer students clear guidance for defining constructs, thinking through relationships and processes that link constructs, and deriving new theoretical models (or building on existing ones) based on those relationships. Ιt will illustrate how to use causal analysis as well as grounded and emergent approaches to theory construction. Students will learn to distinguish between moderation and mediation as well as developing ideas across theoretical and analytical levels. The explicit aim of the course is to provide students with a deeper appreciation for theory building.

BPA 640 Research Methods in Business Administration I (Quantitative Methods) (10 ECTS)
The overall aim of the course is to provide econometric analytical tools to PhD students to help identify the appropriate econometric technique given their research question and the available data. Students will be able to distinguish between different econometric models and understand the limitations and pitfalls of each taught tool.

BPA 631 Research Methods in Business Administration II (Qualitative Methods) (10 ECTS)
The course will consist of three main components:
1. It will provide the students with hands-on knowledge on how to conduct a qualitative research project with a particular interest in how to make a research topic workable, how to collect and analyze qualitative-type data (e.g., visual methods, narratives, questionnaires, ethnography, biography, interviews) and how to select cases.
2. It will discuss qualitative research methods in relation to dominant theoretical perspectives and the quality criteria of research projects today.
3. By actively participating in an intensive supervisory process, the course will provide the students with a good platform for developing their own research methods and project.

EDU 682 Qualitative Research in Education
This course consists of four major parts. The first part examines the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative and quantitative research and compares their main ontological, epistemological, and methodological beliefs. It also looks at various theoretical traditioins and orientations within qualitative research such as ethnography, phenomenology, case study, participatory action research, and critical theory. The second part focuses on issues related to the design of qualitative research including the role of theory, the type of research questions that can be addressed by qualitative reseach, the use of conceptual maps, the "emergent design" approach, the role of the researcher in qualitative research, and purposive sampling; also discussed are issues such as negotiating access to the field, establishing rapport, obtaining informed consent, as well as ethical considerations. The third part of the course focuses on the major methods of data collection in qualitative research: in-depth interviewing, observations, and documentary analysis. Techniques for analyzing qualitative date are then considered, with special emphasis on grounded theory and the "constant comparative method"; the application of software for analyzing qualitative data (e.g., Atlas.ti) is also presented and discussed. The last part of the course considers ways of presenting and justifying qualitative studies, as well as several criteria for judging the quality of such studies (e.g. credibility, transferability, confirmability, and authenticity).

EDU 683 Educational Staticstics with Applications of Statistical Packages
This course consists of two major units. The first unit introduces students to the fundamental concepts and ideas in quantitative research, including the philosophical underpinnings of quantitative research (and their differences from those of qualitative research), the main stages involved in conducting and reporting a quantitative research study, and basic terms and concepts used in statistics. The second unit focuses on the use of the statistical package SPSS for analyzing quantitative data. This unit begins with basic commands for data manipulation (e.g. recode, compute), and then shifts to specific techniques for data analysis, including descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, inferential statistics (both parametric and non-parametric criteria), analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA, MANOVA and repeated MANOVA), exploratory factor analysis, and simple and multiple regression analysis. Throughtout this unit, students are given ample opportunities to determine the most appropriate technique to apply to various, specific research questions; to use these techniques to analyze actual data; to interpret the output yielded from these analyses; to draw valid inferences. The course is also designed to enable students to become critical consumers of research studies in which such techniques have been used to analyze quantitative data.

Depth Courses

BPA 632 Organizational Behavior (7.5 ECTS)
This course is designed to increase the understanding of students of the diversity of organizational contexts by introducing them to a framework for understanding the way organizations function and the behavior of individuals and work groups within them. Diversity, continuous application of new technologies and ever-greater interdependence, between individuals, work groups, and organizations, drastically challenge the skills and creativity of modern managers.

BPA 633 Organizational Theory (7.5 ECTS)
This course is an introduction to the major theoretical approaches and debates in organizational theory, which draws primarily on sociology and secondarily on economics, psychology, and political science. The purpose of this course is to provide you a roadmap for you to roam the terrain of organizational theory. Accordingly, we will start with the classics and then trace the history of ideas as the field has evolved to the present.

BPA 634 Entrepreneurship & Innovation (7.5 ECTS)
It will use theories of innovation and entrepreneurship to explore how effective organizations engage in these two strongly integrated processes, exploring product, service and process innovation and demonstrating the role of innovation as a driver of organizational growth and competitiveness.

BPA 635 Strategic Management (7.5 ECTS)
The course provides a broad, multi-disciplinary introduction to the study of business strategy, with a particular emphasis on its behavioral and economic foundations. Different schools of thought and their evolution will be analyzed, discussed and compared.

BPA 636 Human Resource Management (7.5 ECTS)
The objective of this course is to introduce students to the theory and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organizations. Issues such as the strategic importance of HRM, the role of Managers and Employees of the organization in HRM issues, recruitment, selection, performance appraisal, HR planning, compensation and benefits and training and development will be analyzed in the course. In addition, students will have the opportunity to analyze a variety of practical situations where the theories behind the practice of HRM are applied.

BPA 641 Operations Management (7.5 ECTS)
The intent of this course is to further provide theoretical and methodological concepts/tools for the management of operations and the decision-making process within the scope of the supply chain. Competitive advantage driven by supply chain strategy has been a common practice in the business environment in the past few years. Most of the strategies involve improving operational efficiency either through cost reductions or increase capital efficiency. Decision-making regarding operational issues is one of the most common tasks within organizations. This course will enhance students' ability to perform the quantitative analysis necessary and understand the management issues in order to make good operational decisions within the supply chain. Coverage is topical and will include supply chains issue and strategy, operations management framework, the Six Sigma approach, quality management, demand and supply planning, inventory deployment/control, and transportation networks optimization. Other topics will be added as the course progresses. The introduction of concepts via cases is preferred whenever appropriate.

BPA 642 Supply Chain Management (7.5 ECTS)
This course examines major challenges in managing efficient supply chains. It illustrates various strategic and tactical supply chain issues such as product design, virtual integration, information-sharing strategy, outsourcing, procurement, distribution strategy, and risk management. Additionally, it offers an opportunity for students to explore emerging supply chain issues. The course will utilize case studies to examine issues related to supply chain management.

BPA 643 Service Management (7.5 ECTS)
The service sector is today one of the largest and fastest-growing components of most developed and developing economies. Most manufacturing firms also encompass extensive service functions in addition to production operations. This course focuses on the unique aspects involved in the design and delivery of service operations, both within "pure" service organizations (banking, retailing, transportation, travel, hospitality etc.) but also within the service functions of manufacturing. The course further examines important design and operation issues relating to electronic and consulting services. The course takes a theoretical and methodological viewpoint with a bias towards operations, while further considering marketing, IT and human resource management, all of which need to be integrated in order for the service firm to gain a competitive advantage. Students completing this course will be exposed to the basic theoretical and methodological approaches related to such issues as service delivery design and management, service quality and customer satisfaction, yield management and waiting line systems. Students will gain an appreciation of the complexities involved in managing service encounters and implementing changes, and further appreciate entrepreneurial opportunities in services.

BPA644: Applied Optimization Modeling (7.5 ECTS)
Optimization models provide an effective framework for analyzing diverse quantitative problems to support operational and tactical business decisions. This course presents different model forms and examines their capabilities and limitations in addressing various practical business problems. Students develop modeling skills that involve: ability to formulate different classes of optimization models; familiarization with suitable software tools to numerically solve models; application of models in diverse business problems drawn from operations, financial planning, marketing, etc; ability to derive economic interpretations and insights from the results.

BPA645: Planning under Uncertainty (7.5 ECTS)
Uncertainty is prevalent in all business endeavors (e.g., due to randomness in economic factors/agents, market volatility, changing customer preferences, and even unpredictable catastrophic events). Ignoring impacts of uncertainty on operational, tactical and, most importantly, on strategic decisions can be perilous for businesses. Prudent planning requires an understanding of sources of uncertainty and means to quantify and mitigate the potential consequences. The focus of this course is on risk measurement and risk management. The course examines various sources of risk, presents metrics for measuring risks and develops quantitative models that appropriately incorporate risk mitigation measures in order to support decisions in the face of uncertainties and ambiguities. Stochastic programming and robust optimization models, as risk management tools, are examined through practical examples for various business problems.

BPA 650 Strategic Marketing (7.5 ECTS)
This course aims to assists students to gain an in-depth understanding of fundamental strategic marketing issues. Emphasis will be placed on the analysis of the environmental and market forces that influence marketing activities, the assessment of marketing resources and capabilities, and the development and execution of an overall marketing plan that will enable a firm to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage and superior performance in the marketplace. The course will also examine relevant strategic management theories including the resource-based view of the firm, industrial organization theory, dynamic capabilities theory, and contingency theory. By the end of the course students should be familiar with the key strategic marketing theories and concepts, comprehend the extant strategic marketing literature, and develop and advance their own research interests in the field.

BPA 651 Consumer Behavior (7.5 ECTS)
This course examines fundamental principles, concepts and theories of consumer behavior. The course emphasizes both the psychological as well as the sociocultural factors that influence the consumer decision-making process. The course aims to familiarize students with research in the field of consumer behavior and present current theoretical and methodological approaches to various aspects of consumer behavior. Upon completion of this course students will be able to analyze and critically assess the extant research, develop innovative research ideas, form testable research hypotheses, and specify rigorous empirical approaches.

BPA 652 Marketing Models (7.5 ECTS)
The objective of this course is to introduce students to the quantitative models that are currently employed to investigate marketing-related research problems, and improve various aspects of marketing decisions. Upon completion of this course students will be able to build their own models and explore research questions.

BPA 653 International Marketing (7.5 ECTS)
This course aims to help students understand the distinct characteristics of international marketing, and identify the main challenges faced by firms that expand their marketing operations in overseas markets. The course analyzes the complex environmental forces that influence international marketing strategies and programs such as economic, social, political, cultural and legal dimensions. It also presents the strategic planning process that should be followed in order to develop appropriate international marketing program that satisfy the unique needs and preferences of customers across different country-markets. Drawing on the relevant academic literature, the course will examine international trade theories, the internationalization process of the firm, multinational firms and foreign direct investments, and other research paradigms that have influenced the evolution of international marketing as a distinct academic discipline. By the end of the course students should be familiar with the key international marketing theories and concepts, recognize the main research streams in the field of international marketing, understand the alternative methodological approaches that are commonly employed in order to investigate international marketing phenomena, and develop innovative research ideas for advancing the existing body of knowledge.

BPA 654 Advanced Topics in Marketing (7.5 ECTS)
This course introduces students to current marketing problems and research challenges. Students will be encouraged to perform a critical analysis of recent developments in the general social and economic environment and assess the influence of such changes on contemporary marketing theory and practice. The main topics include environmental and green marketing, corporate social responsibility, the role of digital interactive media and social networks, the diffusion of technological innovations, and health care marketing.

ECO 661 Microeconomics (10 ECTS)
The course will begin with a review of the classic theories of consumer and producer behavior and proceed with the description of basic market structures and the analysis of factor markets. It will then lay out the basic principles of game theory under conditions of both complete and incomplete information. These will be the tools for the analysis of topics in modern microeconomic theory such as bargaining auctions, moral hazard and adverse selection.

ECO 663 Econometrics (10 ECTS)
Probability Theory. Random Sample. Regression, Prediction and related notions. The Linear (Normal) Regression Model: Estimation, Hypothesis Testing, Misspecification Testing. Generalized Linear Regression. Elements of Time-Series. Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation. Dynamic Linear Regression. Nonlinear Regression. Multivariate Regression Systems. The Simultaneous-Equation Model. Generalized Method of Moments. Limited Dependent Variables. Panel Data Models.

ECΟ 651 Μicroeconomic Analysis ΙΙ (7.5 ECTS)
This course continues the analysis of the principles of microeconomic theory and is divided into two parts. The first part will develop the basic principles of game theory under conditions of both complete and incomplete information and will apply these to the analysis of problems such as collusion, bargaining, auctions, moral hazard, and adverse selection. The second part will serve as an introduction to general equilibrium theory and its extensions, and will discuss the general theorems of welfare economics.

ECO 612 Industrial Organization and Policy (7.5 ECTS)
Industrial organization is concerned with the study of imperfectly competitive markets. The course aims to develop an understanding of competitive interaction in such markets; to introduce the empirical methods used to analyze them; and to outline the basic policy principles that govern their operation. Indicative topics include estimation of supply and demand, estimation of cost and production functions, monopoly regulation, oligopoly models, collusion and cartels, mergers, product differentiation, barriers to entry.

ECO 641 Consumer Behavior and Applications (7.5 ECTS)
The objective of this course is to provide comprehensive knowledge of consumer theory with emphasis on the use of econometric techniques and data for the empirical analysis of consumer behavior at the individual and aggregate level. Following a brief review of the fundamental principles of consumer theory (preferences and constraints, optimization and duality) the course will focus on demand analysis as a tool for studying behavioral and welfare aspects of consumer theory. Separability, aggregation, dynamics and participation will also be examined. The last few lectures of the course will concentrate on topics drawn from applied demand analysis topics including externalities and public goods, cost of living indices and quality, equivalence scales, intrahousehold allocation and the analysis of tax and benefit reforms.

EDU 780 – Using Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modelling in Educational Research (12 ECTS)

Multilevel theories, Multi-stage sampling and Multi-level models; The Random intercept model; The hierarchical linear models; Testing and model specification; Assumptions of the hierarchical linear models; Designing Multilevel studies; Crossed random coefficients; Multivariate multilevel models; Non-linear multilevel models; Binary response models; Multilevel logistic regression; Random slope multilevel logistic regression models; Multilevel Factor Analysis and Multilevel structural equation models.

EDU 751 – Design of Research Proposals (12 ECTS)

Identification of real problems that are amenable to productive investigation. Formulation of research questions or hypotheses that are open to investigation based on evidence. Projects as part of wider programmes of research. Literature review. Identifying and labelling variables, constructing operational definitions. Research design. Reliability and validity. Approaches to data collection and analysis. The implementation of research finding in practice. The theoretical and educational implications of research.